As approved by the Federal Council of KUSA
on 25 November 2006
Breed assessments and breed surveys are held in terms of the rules
and regulations set out in Schedule 5F of the KUSA Constitution.
1. PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS
The SABOX Breed Assessment and Breed Survey are breeding suitability
evaluations, devised to determine whether a Boxer is free of physical
and mental weaknesses or faults which could have a negative influence
on its soundness, type, working ability and by implication, its
suitability for breeding purposes. The evaluation of the dogs entered
are based on the overall requirements stipulated in the Boxer Breed
Standard as published by the FCI and accepted by KUSA and SABOX.
It is not a competition and participating Boxers will be graded
(Excellent, Very Good, Good, Insufficient or Not Gradable) but will
not be placed in order of merit, nor will any prizes be awarded
A Breed Assessment includes:
· A thorough assessment of conformation and type
· Evaluation of movement
· Test for steadiness to gunshot
· Disposition evaluation
A Breed Survey is identical to the above, but also
includes an evaluation of the guard and defence attributes of the
2. APPLICATIONS TO HOLD A BREED ASSESSMENT
/ BREED SURVEY
2.1 Application by a Member Club wishing to hold
a Breed Assessment/Breed Survey shall be made on an official KUSA
form completed and signed as described in Schedule 3 Regulation
2.1 and accompanied by the fee prescribed in Schedule 7. Applications
may only be submitted to KUSA via SABOX.
2.2 SABOX shall be responsible for appointing
suitably qualified breed assessors (to be approved by KUSA in
terms of Article 25 of the KUSA Constitution) for all Breed Assessments/Breed
2.3 SABOX will hold at least one Breed Assessment/Breed
Survey at a different venue every year.
2.4 The dates and venues of Breed Assessments/Breed
Surveys to be held, together with the names of organising clubs,
will be published every year in the KUSA Events Calendar.
3.1 To be eligible for entry in a breed survey
or breed assessment, a Boxer must:
· be registered in the KUSA Breed Register
· be at least 15 months old on the day of the evaluation;
· be healthy and in good condition;
· be positively identifiable by means of a microchip, DNA
· have been examined and certified for hip dysplasia and
conform to the requirements as set out by SABOX from time to time;
· if a male, have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.
3.2 Dogs belonging to the breed assessors or manwork
assailants officiating at a Breed Assessment/Breed Survey (and
their immediate families) may not be entered at that event.
3.3 Bitches in season may participate in a Breed
Assessment/Breed Survey, provided they are kept strictly apart
from all other participants during the entire event. Bitches in
season will be evaluated after all the other dogs. The survey
manager and breed assessor must be informed immediately on her
arrival if a bitch is in season.
3.4 Pregnant and nursing bitches may not participate
in a Breed Assessment/Breed Survey.
4.1 The closing date for entries shall not be
less than three (3) weeks before the day of the assessment/survey.
4.2 All entries shall be submitted on an official
KUSA entry form, fully completed and signed. Any alteration or
amendment to the declaration thereon shall invalidate the entry.
4.3 No more than fifteen (15) dogs may be accepted
for an assessment/survey in one day.
5. DOCUMENTATION REQUIRED
On the day of the assessment the owner or handler
of the dog entered must present the following documentation to
the breed assessor for verification:
· A certified copy of the dog’s KUSA registration certificate
· A certified copy of the certificate from the Department
of Radiology, University of Pretoria (Onderstepoort) indicating
that the dog entered had been examined and scored for hip dysplasia.
· Reports of any previous / unsuccessful assessment or survey
in which the dog participated.
6. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ORGANISING CLUB
The organising club must ensure that the following
· A suitable venue with firm, level ground, large enough
to accommodate without risk or interference all the tests to be
· Breed Assessment/Survey Certificates issued to the club
by SABOX for a fee to be determined from time to time.
· A suitable demonstration dog.
· A microchip scanner.
· SABOX approved measuring stick.
· SABOX approved eye colour and bite formula charts.
· Shelter, large table, chair, writing materials.
· A starter’s pistol and blank cartridges.
· A survey manager and a marshalling steward.
· A vet on call.
· A qualified KUSA registered IPO manwork assailant and a
suit, armguard, leather covered stick and a hide (Breed Survey only).
On conclusion of the assessment the organising club must ensure
that all documentation has been duly completed, signed and obtained
from the breed assessors. The following must be sent to SABOX within
ten (10) days:
· A list of the participating dogs with name and postal address
· Completed and signed Breed Assessment/Survey Certificates
· The assessment reports
· The specified levy (to be determined by SABOX from time
to time) for each participating dog.
7. THE BREED ASSESSORS
The assessment/survey shall be carried out by
a panel of not less than two (2) SABOX approved and appointed
breed assessors. No panel may contain more than one club committee
member of any one SABOX affiliated member club.
The decisions of the breed assessors will be final.
Results of the assessments/tests shall be entered on the SABOX
and KUSA approved report forms. One copy of these reports to be
forwarded (within 30 days) to the owner of the dog entered, one
copy to be retained by SABOX and one copy to be forwarded to KUSA.
On conclusion of the assessment, breed assessors
must ensure that all documentation has been duly completed and
8. BREED ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES
The Breed Assessment consists of the following
elements, which are conducted in the following sequence:
1. Marshalling of participants
Before the start of the assessment the marshalling steward must
ensure that all the relevant documentation for each dog has been
handed to the breed assessors and that the details of each dog has
been filled in on the assessment forms.
2. Establishment of eye colour and bite formula
The breed assessors must determine and enter on the assessment form
the eye colour and the bite formula of each dog. During this examination
and those that follow, the attitude and behaviour of the dog must
be noted – it should have an outgoing and Boxer typical disposition
and must submit to the examination in a calm, self-assured and friendly
3. Body Measurements
The height at the withers immediately behind the elbow, the body
length from the point of the shoulder to the ischiatic bone and
the depth of chest of each dog must be measured and recorded, with
the dog standing on a firm, level surface.
4. Movement evaluation
Each dog to be evaluated when moved on a loose lead at both the
walk and the trot, viewed coming and going and in profile. Efficiency,
soundness and smoothness of the gait, topline, head carriage, front
action and reach, rear action and drive to be assessed.
5. Steadiness to gunshot
While the dog walks off-lead with its owner, two shots (6mm or 9mm
calibre) are to be fired at a distance of not less than 15 paces
from the dog. Except for taking note of the origin of the shots,
the dog must remain unperturbed and must show no fear, aggression
6. Conformation evaluation
The dog to stand naturally and on a loose lead while its conformation
is evaluated, including general appearance, size, substance and
balance, sexual characteristics, muscular development, neck, forequarters,
forechest, ribcage and brisket, topline, tuck-up, flanks, hindquarters,
croup and tailset, coat and colour.
Special attention to be paid to the head – proportions, expression,
stop, bridge of nose, skull, muzzle, repandous, lip placement, flews,
cheeks, ears, eye colour, shape, placement and nictitating membranes.
The mouth must be carefully examined to establish the condition
and size of teeth, number of incisors, width and bite formula of
the lower jaw, degree of undershot condition, jaw abnormalities
7. Disposition evaluation
Dog and handler to move through a group of at least six (6) people
(who may not interfere with the dog being tested in any way), turn
around and halt in the middle of the group with the dog sitting
at heel. The group then closes in tightly around the dog and handler.
The test must clearly demonstrate the self-assurance of the dog
and its confidence in its handler.
On completion of the above evaluations, the breed
assessors must grade the dog:
· EXCELLENT: An outstanding Boxer which, in terms of type,
conformation, soundness and temperament, comes very close to the
ideal described in the Standard. Its superior quality and type overshadow
any small imperfections, but it must possess the typical features
of its sex. In the opinion of the breed assessor this Boxer is highly
recommended for breeding purposes in terms of its phenotype (i.e.
· VERY GOOD: A high quality Boxer which possesses the typical
characteristics of the breed, has balanced proportions, is sound
and of steady temperament. A few minor but not morphological (type-affecting)
faults may be overlooked but it must possess the typical features
of its sex. In the opinion of the breed assessor this Boxer is recommended
for breeding purposes in terms of its phenotype.
· GOOD: A Boxer that possesses the main features of the breed
but has visible, major faults. In the opinion of the breed assessor
this Boxer is not recommended for breeding purposes in terms of
its phenotype. If bred from, this should be done with caution and
it should not be mated to a dog displaying the same faults.
Regardless of its other qualities, a Boxer with the following faults
should not be rated higher than “Good”: slight nervousness,
lack of temperament, very light eyes (lighter than 4B), overshot,
pincer or very undershot bite.
· INSUFFICIENT: A Boxer that resembles the breed without
possessing sufficient type or a Boxer that is very unsound or has
very poor conformation. In the opinion of the breed assessor this
Boxer should not be bred from.
Regardless of its other qualities, a Boxer displaying the following
faults must be rated “Insufficient”: gun shyness, viciousness,
treachery, unreliability, cowardice, a serious lack of temperament,
unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism, inheritable jaw abnormalities
such as a wry mouth, any colour other than fawn or brindle or with
more than one third of the ground colour replaced by white markings.
This grading must also be given to a dog that deviates so far from
a single breed characteristic (e g length of muzzle) that the health
of the dog is affected
· NOT GRADABLE: This is given when the breed assessor, for
whatever reason, cannot examine gait, conformation, dentition, testicles
etc., or when it is apparent that the dog has been treated in some
way to alter or conceal some feature.
The same applies when the breed assessor is able to ascertain that
an operation has been carried out to cover up or conceal some condition.
It is also given to a dog in such poor condition that its breeding
potential cannot be assessed.
Any deviation from the Breed Standard must be regarded as a fault,
the assessment of which must be in exact relation to the degree
of the deviation.
10. BREED SURVEY PROCEDURES
The Breed Survey procedures are identical to those
of the Breed Assessment in every respect but it includes the following
tests of the guard and defence attributes of the participating
Tests for guard and defence drives
The manwork assailant goes into the hide, which should be situated
at a distance of about 30-40 paces from the starting position of
the handler and dog. The dog is handed to the marshalling steward
(who should not be well-known to the dog), who holds it by its collar.
The breed assessors must take note of the behaviour and attitude
of the dog while held by the steward and form an opinion of its
nervous disposition. The handler proceeds towards the hide. He/she
is allowed to verbally encourage the dog while doing so. When the
handler reaches the hide, the assailant comes out of the hide and
attacks the handler. The dog is released by the steward and must
immediately run to the handler and intervene without hesitation
by taking hold of the armguard of the assailant and maintaining
a firm grip. The dog must not let go, even when receiving two short
sharp blows from the assailant on the body or thighs with an approved
flexible leather covered stick. The attack technique of the dog
should play no part in the assessment by the breed assessors - its
willingness to protect the handler, its courage and self-assurance
should be evaluated. When instructed to do so by the breed assessor,
the assailant stops fighting. The dog should release on command,
where after the handler holds it by the collar, while the assailant
runs away in a straight line. When the assailant is about 30 paces
away, he starts threatening while continuing in the same direction.
When the assailant is about 50 paces away, the breed assessor instructs
the handler to send the dog after the assailant. On a signal from
the breed assessor, the assailant turns around and runs towards
the dog with forceful, threatening gestures and sounds, but without
the dog receiving any actual stick blows. The dog must again attack
immediately without letting go. After the assailant stops fighting,
the dog must release on command but must stay with him and not run
away or return to its handler. If the dog does not let go on command,
the breed assessor may order the handler to move closer and repeat
the command. If after several commands the dog still has not let
go, the handler must be instructed to go up to the dog and effect
a manual release. At this stage the assessor may decide to defer
the dog to another survey.
Dogs which do not bite or which flee from the stick
blows cannot pass the Breed Survey. A dog which avoids the stick
but then bites again or a dog which leaves the assailant after ending
the fight may be deferred to a later survey.
11. DEFERRED QUALIFICATION
Dogs may be presented up to three times for Breed
Assessments / Breed Surveys if they are unsuccessful at first.
After the third unsuccessful attempt, a dog may not be presented